Glossary of Hemp Terms
Oil extracted from hemp’s aerial plant parts, containing a natural blend of phytocannabinoids.
Hemp oil is used interchangeably with hemp extract, but be cautious: some companies use this term when they really mean hemp seed oil.
Hemp Seed Oil
Oil extracted from hemp seeds (nutritious, but doesn’t contain phytocannabinoids).
Natural chemical compounds found in hemp extract that have been studied for various potential effects.
Natural chemical compounds, similar to phytocannabinoids, that are produced by our own bodies.
Endocannabinoid System (ECS)
Series of receptors that interact with phytocannabinoids and endocannabinoids to maintain homeostatic functions.
Hemp extract is specifically elicited from those parts of the hemp plant known to have high levels of cannabidiol, which provides all the anti-inflammatory and analgesic benefits.
This product has been extracted from the stalk of a hemp plant, mainly for its CBD content. Legally, it must have less than 0.3 percent THC.
Distinguishing cannabis and hemp can be confusing, so let's make it simple. There are many varietals of Cannabis sativa, all of which have different amounts of THC and CBD. Cannabis sativa varietals that have more than 0.3 percent THC are commonly referred to as marijuana. Hemp is any varietal of Cannabis sativa that contains less than 0.3 percent THC.
That's right, Cannabis sativa and hemp are the same species!! The only difference between the two is that to be designated as hemp, a Cannabis sativa plant must be comprised of less than 0.3 percent THC. So what's the difference between hemp oil, hemp seed oil, CBD oil, and cannabis oil?
Hemp Seed Oil
Hemp seed oil, on the other hand, is relative to many other carrier oils—along the lines of sunflower seed oil and jojoba oil—in that it’s a cold-pressed extract from seeds. “Hemp seed oil, sometimes referred to as cannabis sativa seed oil, is perfectly good seed oil that’s high in antioxidants, omega-3 and -6 fatty acids, but contains no CBD,” explains Capobianco. “Hemp seed or cannabis sativa seed oil has been available in health food stores for decades and abundantly present in smoothies and skin care.”
So this means it has absolutely no cannabinoids in it—not CBD, THC, or CBN, says Lewis. “It’s generally viewed as a superfood and is great for adding nutritional value to your diet,” she says. “In terms of skin care, it’s known as a powerful moisturizer and skin softener that doesn’t clog pores or contribute to oily skin—it has a comedogenic rating of zero” It shows up on the product label as hemp seed oil, cannabis sativa (hemp) seed oil, virgin hemp oil, and hemp oil.
The Hemp plant contains less than .3% THC, the psycho-active ingredient found in it’s cousin marijuana, and cannot be used as or converted into a recreational drug Hemp seed oil contains the highest and most balanced levels of essential fatty acids (omega-3 and omega-6) of any of the seed oils. It is also very high in proteins and contains all the essential amino acids. Hemp can be grown organically. Only eight out of about one hundred known pests cause problems, and hemp is most often grown without herbicides, fungicides or pesticides.